Thursday, March 14, 2019
Mind, Intelligence and Spirit :: Psychology Philosophy Papers
Mind, Intelligence and SpiritThe head teacher is a collection of various classes of processes that notify be canvass empirically. To ascertain the field of psychological processes we must follow the criteria of folk psychology. There ar three kinds of mind human, living organism and mechanical. But the human mind is the ikon or model of mind. The existence of mechanical minds is a serious argufy to the materialism or the mind-brain identity theory. Based on this existence we can put forward the antimaterialist argument of machines. Intelligence is a class of mental processes such that the mind is the genus and the comprehension is a species of this genus. The capacity to solve problems is a clear and definite criterion of intelligence. Again, like in the mind, the human intelligence is the paradigm of the intelligence. There are also three kinds of intelligence human, animal and mechanical. Searles Chinese room argument is misleading because Searle believes that it is possi ble to manage a sharp distinction between syntax and semantics. The reasonable dualism in the brain-mind problem defends the existence of brain-mental processes, physical-mental processes, and non-physical-mental (spiritual) processes. Constitution of the personal project of life, self-consciousness and disembarrass volitions are examples of spiritual processes. Usually the intelligence has been considered the most important theatrical role of human beings, but freedom, or the world of free volitions, is a to a greater extent specific quality of human beings.I. The Concept of MindContrary to a long philosophical tradition, it is very important to emphasize that the mind is not a burden or res . If the mind were a substance its study would be beyond the empiricist human beings of science and would belong to the extraempiricist dobriny of metaphysics. On other hand, if the mind were a substance it would be something individual. til now the mind is a collection of various classes of processes that can be studied empirically. These processes are just the so-called mental processes, in such a way that we can suggest the apparently vicious circle didactics mind is the collection of the different mental processes.In order to cancel the circularity of this statement we have to describe the various classes of mental processes. utilize concepts taken from the information theory we can distinguish, in the beginning, four main types of mental processes 1) perceptions, i. e. organized reception of information, 2) memories or storage of information, 3) beliefs, that is, judgements about the legitimate information, and 4) plans, namely, arrangements of information to act.