Sunday, March 10, 2019
Morality as Anti-Nature
Fried fat Nietzsche (1844-1900) was a German philosopher known for his radical critics of the classical philosophical vox populi and piety. Nietzsche rejected social laws, entires and religion. Nietzsches views on religions and clean-livings play the best realization in his later works. In Beyond non bad(predicate) and Evil he explores the ethical mechanisms, which regularize plurality look and their origins. He did non believe that nature was virtuously neutral. He distinguished both types of ethical motive herd religion and master pietism. Herd morality he attributed to Christianity. Nietzsche criticized both this type of morality and religion, found on the consciousness of break ones backs. He correlated the appearance of the terms skillful and bad to the terms of roman letters Empire when e trulything connected with warriors and cruelty.Such moral system gave week and strangled a kind of compensation in their low-pitched situation and gave them mechanisms t o have strong and thriving members of the society. Nietzsche states that generations of people live directed by the ethical judgments created by the generation of slaves. He believes that using such moral principles we solely distance ourselves from true liberation and fortify the continuousness of the slaves. The type of morality described above reflects herd morality, which dominates in the society for centuries. other type of morality, which is contrasted to herd morality, is c eached master morality. tally to Nietzsche this morality is realistic and reflects the real destination of all merciful creatures. Master morality asserts the power of successful and strong individuals, who have the right to rule the world. Nietzsche denied the morality of the nature, calling it morally neutral. There are no moral phenomena there are nevertheless moral interpretations.Thus, master morality speaks of ripe and bad rather than sincere and Evil (Nietzsche, 87). He saw master morality as the dash to overcome limitations, created by the moral judgments of slave morality. Master morality for Nietzsche becomes the path to realize the potential to volition-to-power. Denying religions determine, Nietzsche did not recognize rich literary foretell of world ghostly. He did not catch away any value in religious texts and sermons.The Sermon of the Mount is an essence of all Christian teaching. It mark offs book of instructions of Jesus Christ to his Disciples. These instructions teach people compassion and patience. intercommunicate about afterlife, Jesus underlines that all needy will get everything they deserve after death. In his sermon, Jesus underlines the importance of seeking for the righteousness, he states blasted are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they shall be filled (Matthew 56). Principles of non-violence and respect to the will of God are close to the ideas expressed by the bulk of world religions. Jesus Christ stresses on the unconditional universal love, which he defined as a main moral principle.The Ten Commandments effrontery to Moses on the Mount of Sinai contain the very principle ideas of Christian teaching. According to the Bible God gave these Ten Commandments to Moses in order to pass his will to all people. These Commandments became universal guidelines for all religious people. They express norms of moral behavior for all people. If we study them in greater detail we will see that these Commandments are universal and discharge be applied for all people regardless of their race and religion. For many centuries the Ten Commandments have been the foundation for moral system of Western Civilization. It is difficult to doubt such universal truths, asHonour thy father and mother Thou shalt not kill. Thou shalt not commit adultery. Thou shalt not steal (Exodus 202-17).It is had to imagine a person, who would disagree these Commandments. The Ten Commandments are designed in order to regulate not onl y relations between God and humanness. They in any case contain guidelines for person to person interactions and social behavior.Night Journey or Al-Isra wa Al-Miraj of 24th Rajab 619 CE is a tarradiddle from Quran, which describes the journey of the Prophet Mohammed to capital of Israel and his meeting with God. This story describes Prophets journey through septet heavens and his conversation with God. On his course Mohammed meets a lot of characters from religious texts. After his conversation with God he gets the contentedness that it is necessary to tap God five times a day.Often people, who read this story understand it literary and see it only as a message about the necessity to pray. In reality the message of this story is some(prenominal) deeper as it speaks about such important themes as faith in God, individual responsibility, right faith, avoiding evil and sacredness of life. This passage from Quran raises the questions of human freedom and responsibility. Mohamma d passes not only the message about the necessity to pray God. He also speaks that each person should be responsible for his actions.Nietzsches critique of religion has an aesthetic nature. He also denies morals. For Nietzsche religion is only an ugly form, worn out people use as compensation for their weakness. The cult of weak and miserable was established for centuries and it included the denial of everything beautiful, healthy, strong and powerful, including human body. Nietzsche states that Christianity, which despised the body, has been the greatest misfortune of humanity so far (Nietzsche, 119). For him religion along with morality serves only for the justification for weak and powerless, who have no other mode to express their right for living. Calling for revolt and setting up the morality of master Nietzsche deprives week of their right to live and realize themselves.God is baseless is a phrase from his writing which reflects his radical attitude to religion and ethics. Nietzsche stated that religion, ism and what is most important humanity were killed by the traditional values of society. The way of life and social organization have lead to the dying and depreciation of moral values and basic human qualities. As he states Morality, as it has so far been under stood, it has in the end been develop once more by Schopenhauer, as negation of the will to life is the very instinct of decadence, which makes an imperative of itself. It says Perish It is a condemnation pronounced by the condemned (Nietzsche, 154).Nietzsche wanted to create a generation on new human beings supermen or Overman free from the false morality. Our moral judgments and evaluationsare only images and fantasies based on a physiological process unknown to us he states to prove the relativity of the moral norms and principles. Nietzsche believed that the societys traditional way of thinking and morals were life-denying and destructive. Traditional morals gave a rice to slave morality which suppresses all impulses to creatively and free will of the humans and makes them to sorb a herd mentality. It makes people believe that thing which is good for the majority is good for everyone. That is the reason people put themselves into the strict limitations and boundaries of the predefined good and evil.Slave morality encourages conformity national, racial, gender, and religious bigotry and unthinking patriotism (Soccio, 114). The world was defined by Nietzsche to be dead. He put all the burden of responsibility for this on the traditional Christian morals recognized by the vast majority of the western world. According to Nietzsche, traditional moral values, such as self-sacrifices, humanity, love, compassion have killed everything natural. The only way out Nietzsche saw in crossing the line, getting out of the moral limitations and restrictions of good and evil and following only the will to power. That would place the humans on the other, higher plane of ex istence.Nietzsche is an influential philosopher, famous for his critics of Christian morality. His critics of all religious doctrines is a brave attempt to overcome religious dogmatism and domination. Despite his teachings contain a lot of innovative ideas and strong arguments I think that rejecting Christian morals and religious moral in usual he rejects not only bad things, but also rich prophesy created through the centuries. Nietzsche regards religion as a source of curtailment of human will. He counts on conscious individuals, who are directed by inner moral, which regulates all their thoughts and actions. Unfortunately, modern society consists of different people, who are not always driven by higher moral standards. In this case religion, social norms and regulations become those defensive mechanisms, which help to avoid bad consequences. Rejecting their norms and regulations can bring harm to the society and human race in general. work CitedNietzsche, Friedrich On the Genea logy of Morals. trans. Walter Kaufmann and R.J. Hollingdale, in On the Genealogy of Morals and Ecce Homo. in the buff York Random House, 1967.Nietzsche, Friedrich Beyond Good and Evil. trans. Walter Kaufmann. New York Random House, 1966.Nietzsche, Friedrich, Thus Spake Zarathustra, tr. doubting Thomas Common, London George Allen and Unwin, 1999. Nietzsche, Friedrich Beyond Good and Evil Prelude to a philosophy of the future, tr. R.J. Hollingdale, Harmondsworth, Middlesex Penguin Books, 1973.Nietzsche, Friedrich, The Twilight of the Idols and The Anti-Christ or How to Philosophize with a Hammer, Penguin Classics, 1990.Soccio, Douglas J. Archetypes of Wisdom An Introduction to Philosophy, Belmont, CA Wadsworth/Thomson Learning, 2004.