Sunday, March 17, 2019


The location of culture at all scales is the result of the interaction in the midst of physical, cultural and economic and behavioural factors. Farming in Great Britain has been characterized by technological changes in recent decades which has led to massive increases in yields and improved stock rearing. a great deal of this change is due to the application of scientific research in full treatment and stock breeding and improved mechanization. But even today floriculture relies heavily on the physical environment. All crops require a particular range of temperature, moisture, soil ands drainage conditions and these factors can be modified by the farmer but only to a limited degree. If we accept that a farmers choice of land usage is controlled by the physical environment, we must put the optimum conditions and limits to production of any one crop . This will garter to identify the spatial pattern of environmental controls. This was central to the ideas explored by McCarty and Lindberg in the Mid West of the USA and gave rise to the Optima Limits Model in 1966. external from the optimum physical conditions become hostile and production/ yields decline. The optimum is the line of business where yields ar highest and variability best, where soils be fertile, temperature and rainfall ideal and ground get up level for cultivation.Farmers will take account of physical conditions at a local scale when considering which crops to grow. For example, the Moray coast in NE Scotland between Elgin and Lossiemouth is a rich agricultural area where winters are relatively tame and summers averaging 17oC, rainfall occurs throughout the year and is typically 600mm. There are a variety of soils but mainly glacial sandy loams on the high ground and alluvial soils where there were once areas of open marshy conditions.A variety of crops are grown, both cereal and root crops. However, there are limitations to agriculture in this area. The main problem is that of wind erosion, the sandy loams are light soils which dry out quickly with high infiltration rates. During first spring or late autumn strong winds can roll up the soil and cause localized wind erosion. Despite this creation a well-known problem there are few preservation measures the only evidence being improving the structure of the soil apply manure. There have been no attempts to re-establish hedgerows.Wetness limitations occur such as at Plewlands Farm to the north of Gordonstoun and at Begrow Farm to the west towards Hopeman.

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